Better late than never

Triumph of good over evil

Kudos to the man whose name will be remembered till the end of time. For he has accomplished what the Lord has destined.

A court in MP’s Sagar district has awarded death sentence to a man accused of raping a minor girl on May 21 this year. This came after the CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan allowed a new law to come into power recently. It is perhaps the first case of capital punishment for child rape. Bravo to the government of Madhya Pradesh and personally on the part of CM who left no stone unturned to make this ammendment to come into effect for his burning midnight oil spilt fruitful results.

He doesn’t even realize how indebted people of the nation are to his efforts, for one step of man can be a giant leap for mankind. He has brought a sigh of relief to the hue and cry of the mango people who once bowed to the baseless and senseless conclusions reached by the village Panchayat for they had no money to fight legal suite in the court of law. Now he will be an inspiration to the respective state governments to include this ammendment in the state law.

Another landmark in the history of justice to prevail in India has been accomplished as all the accused men in the shocking Nirbhaya case have been awarded death penalty after they were given enough time to prove their innocence where a paramedic was brutally gangraped and killed inside a moving bus. She was also severely assaulted before being thrown on the road. She later succumbed to the injuries in a hospital. After the long awaited verdict faith of her kin in judiciary has been reinstated. After all it’s the victory of good over evil.

This reminds me of the selflessness of the character of Jolly L.L.B. who, for his self-respect, left no odds for justice to prevail. As he may be a role model for some, if not all, to fight the case in the court of law for the ones who can’t bear the hefty amount charged by the lawyers for handling such cases.

It’s not only a start of a new era on the face of humanity but also a milestone on the road to justice. Hopes of hundreds of people seeking justice has been restored in the law of the land. Even once I thought that law of the land is hopeless with criminals committing heneous crimes like rape and brutalities are out of reach of the hands of the law of this country as they hire bikau black blazer white collar men who avail bail to them at the cost of mere legal tender or perks whichever is convenient, circulated by the government.

But now a ray of hope can be instilled and belief restored to some extent , not completely though, as it will take time for the fatal wounds to fill up which became bread and butter for the people once as they had to go through severe mental and physical harassment because of the accused getting bail easily and pressuring the other party who lodged the case to take it back. And also side by side they start looking for their next prey.

But with the Supreme court’s decision I hope one day these brutalities would would come down to a level where a person will become a responsible citizen of the nation and think a hundred times before committing such crimes.

Iqraar Nama by Jahangir on erecting mosques on temples

Mughal Emperor Jahangir wrote in his Tujuk-i-Jahangiri:
“I am here led to relate that at the city of Banaras a temple had been erected by Rajah Maun Sing, which cost him the sum of nearly thirty-six laks of five methkaly ashrefies. …I made it my plea for throwing down the temple which was the scene of this imposture; and on the spot, with the very same materials, I erected the great mosque, because the very name of Islam was proscribed at Banaras, and with God’s blessing it is my design, if I live, to fill it full with true believers.”

Zoroastrian temples
After the Islamic conquest of Persia, Zoroastrian fire temples, with their four axial arch openings, were usually turned into mosques simply by setting a mihrab (prayer niche) on the place of the arch nearest to Qibla (the direction of Mecca). This practice is described by numerous Muslim sources; however, the archaeological evidence confirming it is still scarce. Zoroastrian temples converted into mosques in such a manner could be found in Bukhara, as well as in and near Istakhr and other Iranian cities.
See also: Tarikhaneh Temple

Conversion of Churches to Mosques
Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, “Holy Wisdom”; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Ayasofya is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its dedication in 360 until 1453, it served as the Greek Patriarchal cathedral of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople of the Western Crusader established Latin Empire. In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II, who subsequently ordered the building converted into a mosque. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels were removed and many of the mosaics were plastered over. Islamic features – such as the mihrab, minbar, and four minarets – were added while in the possession of the Ottomans. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931, when it was secularised. It was opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.

Turkey
Following the Ottoman conquest of Anatolia, all of the Orthodox churches of Istanbul were desecrated and converted into mosques except the Church of St. Mary of the Mongols. In Anatolia outside of Istanbul, the following churches were desecrated and converted into mosques:

Hagia Sophia Church in Eregli, Turkey

Hagia Sophia Church in Nicaea, Turkey

Hagia Sophia Church in Trebizond, Turkey.

Cyprus
Following the Ottoman conquest of Cyprus, a number of Christian churches were desecrated and then converted into mosques.
St. Nicholas Cathedral in Famagusta, Cyprus was converted by the Ottoman Turks into Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque in 1571; remains in use as mosque today.
St. Sophia Cathedral in Nicosia, Cyprus was converted by the Ottoman Turks into the Selimiye Mosque, Nicosia; remains in use as mosque today.

Hungary
Following the Ottoman conquest of the Kingdom of Hungary, a number of Christian churches were desecrated and then converted into mosques. Those that survived the era of Ottoman rule, were later reconverted into churches after the Great Turkish War.
Church of Our Lady of Buda, converted into Eski Djami immediately after the capture of Buda in 1541, reconverted in 1686.
Church of Mary Magdalene, Buda, converted into Fethiye Djami c. 1602, reconverted in 1686.
The Franciscan Church of St John the Baptist in Buda, converted into Pasha Djami, destroyed in 1686.

Lebanon
Al-Omari Grand Mosque in Beirut, Lebanon; built as the Church of St. John the Baptist by the Knights Hospitaller; converted to mosque in 1291.

Morocco
Grand Mosque of Tangier; built as Church
Post-Colonial North Africa
A number of North African cathedrals and churches were confiscated and/or forcibly converted into mosques in the mid-20th century
St. Philip Cathedral in Algiers, Algeria (converted to the Ketchaoua Mosque)
Cathédrale Notre-Dame des Sept-Douleurs in Constantine, AlgeriaTripoli Cathedral in Tripoli, Libya (converted to Maidan al Jazair Square Mosque)
Others were desecrated and later destroyed after the Christian congregants were expelled.
Benghazi Cathedral in Benghazi, Libya
Mogadishu Cathedral in Mogadishu, Somalia

Israel
Church of Saint James IntercisusTemplum Domini (Dome of the Ascension, Dome of the Rock)

The practice today
The Aksa mosque in The Hague, Netherlands, was formerly a synagogue.The conversion of non-Islamic places of worship into mosques has abated since no major territorial acquisitions have been made by Muslim majority populations in recent times. However, some of the Greek Orthodox churches in Turkey that were left behind by expelled Greeks in 1923 were converted into mosques.A relatively significant surge in church-mosque conversion followed the 1974 Turkish Invasion of Cyprus. Many of the Orthodox churches in Northern Cyprus have been converted, and many are still in the process of becoming mosques.

Churches and synagogues in non-Islamic countries re-arranged as mosques
In areas that have experienced Muslim immigration, such as parts of Europe and North America, some church buildings, and those of other religious congregations, that have fallen into disuse have been converted into mosques following a sale of the property.
In London, the Brick Lane Mosque has previously served as a synagogue.

Germany
Neuapostolische Kirche in Berlin-Tempelhof
Methodist Church in Mönchengladbach
Evangelische Notkirche Johannes, Kielstraße, Dortmund, now Merkez Camii (DITIB)
Kapernaumkirche (Hamburg-Horn)

The churches and temples in the areas captured by Islamic rulers after the conquest were converted into mosques and reconverted by former rulers after conquest is the best that can be observed today. So after it has been proved by archeological findings that mosques were erected on top of temples and churches it becomes convenient for even the highest law of the country , whose order can’t be defied, to give a favourable ruling to erect a temple once and for all on the land of Lord Ram on the disputed site and settle the longest running suite in the history amicably.

Considering all of the above it’s non partial and non political common man’s perspective, that allowing Muslims to build a mosque on the Ram Janambhoomi will be the first milestone for Muslim invasion and will give them courageous instincts for future to barge not only in temples but also places of worship of other religions and build a mosque there by hook or by crook.
Like many other countries excelled by Muslim population including Iraq, Iran, Saudi, above all not to forget Pakistan, where they overpower people of minor communities making them their slaves and go through burning hell, that time is not far when India which is known all around the world for worshipping a number of religions in one country and is the home to many religions and religious beliefs, would soon become a Muslim dominated country with the Mughals ruling this country once again and India would face extinction and renamed a “Mughal Sultanate”. It’s an eye-opener to the people of this world to act Now or Never.

Though the law can allow the other community to build a mosque outside the given radius so that sentiments of none of the community gets hurt. It’s the only peaceful settlement that is available at disposal.

Ayodhya

The Undisputed

The Ayodhya dispute (Hindi: अयोध्या विवाद’Ayōdhyā Vivād , Urdu: مسئلۂ ایودھیا‎ ‘Masʾala-ē Ayōdhyā’ ) is a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, centred on a plot of land in the city of Ayodhya, located in Faizabad district, Uttar Pradesh. The main issues revolve around access to a site traditionally regarded among Hindus to be the birthplace of the Hindu deity Rama, the history and location of the Babri Mosque at the site, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished or modified to create the mosque.

The Babri Mosque was destroyed during a political rally which turned into a riot on 6 December 1992. A subsequent land title case was lodged in the Allahabad High Court, the verdict of which was pronounced on 30 September 2010.
While the three-judge bench was not unanimous that the disputed structure was constructed after demolition of a temple, it did agree that a temple or a temple structure predated the mosque at the same site. The excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India were heavily used as evidence by the court that the predating structure was a massive Hindu religious building.

In 1526 following the Mughal invasion of the Indian subcontinent, Mir Baqi, a general of the emperor Babur, built a mosque at Ayodhya which he named after Babur. In Hindu mythology, Ayodhya is the birthplace of the god-king Rama.Local traditions hold that a temple to Rama stood at the site and was demolished by Baqi.

According to an early 20th century text by Maulvi Abdul Ghaffar and the surrounding historical sources examined by historian Harsh Narain, the young Babur came from Kabul to Awadh (Ayodhya) in disguise, dressed as a Qalandar (Sufi ascetic), probably as part of a fact-finding mission. Here he met the Sufi saints Shah Jalal and Sayyid Musa Ashiqan and took a pledge in return for their blessings for conquering Hindustan. The pledge is not spelled out in the 1981 edition of Abdul Ghaffar’s book, but it is made clear that it is in pursuance of this pledge that he got the Babri mosque constructed after conquering Hindustan.The original book was written in Persian by Maulvi Abdul Karim, a spiritual descendant of Musa Ashiqan, and it was translated into Urdu by Abdul Ghaffar, his grandson, with additional commentary. The older editions of Abdul Ghaffar’s book contain more detail, which seems to have been excised in the 1981 edition. Lala Sita Ram of Ayodhya, who had access to the older edition in 1932, wrote, “The faqirs answered that they would bless him if he promised to build a mosque after demolishing the Janmasthan temple. Babur accepted the faqirs’ offer and returned to his homeland.”

Late Mughal period
The first known report of a mosque appears in a book Sahifa-I-Chihil Nasaih Bahadur Shahi, said to have been written by a daughter of the emperor Bahadur Shah I (1643–1712) and granddaughter of emperor Aurangzeb, in the early 18th century. It mentioned mosques having been constructed after demolishing the “temples of the idolatrous Hindus situated at Mathura, Banaras and Awadh etc.” Hindus are said to have called these demolished temples in Awadh “Sita Rasoi” (Sita’s kitchen) and “Hanuman’s abode.” While there was no mention of Babur in this account, the Ayodhya mosque had been juxtaposed with those built by Aurangzeb at Mathura and Banaras.

The Jesuit priest Joseph Tieffenthaler, who visited Awadh in 1766-1771, wrote, “Emperor Aurangzebe got the fortress called Ramcot demolished and got a Muslim temple, with triple domes, constructed at the same place. Others say that it was constructed by ‘Babor’. Fourteen black stone pillars of 5 span high, which had existed at the site of the fortress, are seen there. Twelve of these pillars now support the interior arcades of the mosque.”This ambiguity between Aurangzeb and Babur could be significant.
Tieffenthaler also wrote that Hindus worshipped a square box raised 5 inches above the ground, which was said to be called the “Bedi, i.e., the cradle.” “The reason for this is that once upon a time, here was a house where Beschan [Vishnu] was born in the form of Ram.” He recorded that Rama’s birthday was celebrated every year, with a big gathering of people, which was “so famous in the entire India.”

If Muslims are entitled to an Islamic atmosphere in Mecca, and if Christians are entitled to a Christian atmosphere in the Vatican, why is it wrong for the Hindus to expect a Hindu atmosphere in Ayodhya?”

Early historical surveys
In 1767, Jesuit priest Joseph Tieffenthaler recorded Hindus worshiping and celebrating Ramanavami at the site of the mosque. In 1788, Tieffenthaler’s French works were published in Paris, the first to suggest that the Babri Mosque was on the birthplace of Rama, saying that “Emperor Aurangzeb got demolished the fortress called Ramkot, and erected on the same place a Mahometan temple with three cuppolas” reclaimed by Hindus through numerous wars after death of Aurangzeb in 1707 A.D like they earlier fortified it during Jahangir’s rule as Ramkot.

In 1858, the Muazzin of the Babri Mosque said in a petition to the British government that the courtyard had been used by Hindus for hundreds of years.The British recognized the religious and political tension between the Muslims and Hindus. An early census, taken in 1869, found the Hindu people to comprise 66.4 percent of the total population in Ayodhya, and a little over 60 percent in nearby Faizabad. The British contended that the Ayodhya area was primarily Hindu, not in regards to this census, but to the chief spiritual significance for the birthplace of Rama.

The 1986 Allahabad High Court ordered the opening of the main gate and restored the site in full to the Hindus. Hindu groups later requested modifications to the Babri Mosque, and drew up plans for a new grand Temple with Government permissions;

Archeological facts

Archaeological excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1970, 1992 and 2003 in and around the disputed site have clearly found the evidence indicating that a large Hindu complex existed on the site. In 2003, by the order of an Indian Court, The Archaeological Survey of India was asked to conduct a more indepth study and an excavation to ascertain the type of structure that was beneath the rubble indicated definite proof of a temple under the mosque. However, it could not be ascertained if it was a Rama temple as remnant had more resemblance to a Shiva temple. In the words of ASI researchers, they discovered “distinctive features associated with… temples of north India”.

In 2003, The court ordered a survey to find out whether a temple to Lord Ram existed on the site. In August, the survey presented evidence of a temple under the mosque. Muslim groups disputed the findings.

ASI (Archeological Survey of India) has done 5 surveys in total on that disputed site from the year 1862–63 to 2003.

Out of these 5 surveys, 4 clearly stated the association of Ayodhya with the traditions of Rama and asserted that the present-day Ayodhya was the Ayodhya of the Ramayana years.

The last ASI survey report also said there is sufficient proof of existence of a massive and monumental structure having a minimum dimension of 50×30 metres in north-south and east-west directions respectively just below the disputed structure.

The report concluded that it was over the top of this construction during the early 16th century that the disputed structure was constructed directly resting over it.

Also Radar search done by Canadian geophysicist Claude Robillard in the year 2003 stated as :


Three inscriptions were found after the demolishion in 1992. Most prominent was Vishnu Hari inscription.

I am attaching the meaning of this inscription here:

Also, Pillar bases were first discovered by the ASI’s former director-general, BB Lal, in 1975.

In the Babri Mosque were at least fourteen stone pillars that have been dated to the early 11th century and more pillars were found during excavations buried in the ground near the mosque.

I wonder if any Mughal existed in India in 11th century?

Loans or monetary aids to terrorism

Islamic preacher Zakir Naik’s aide and close business associate says he was given approx Rs. 150 Cr. for safe keeping and transferring them to several shell companies in the form of loans. Does anyone knows the exact source of such huge stashes of money that too in hard cash? It may be possible that his organisation is the one funding other terrorist organisations in J&K and across the world. Otherwise how is that possible that new currency notes were found with the terrorists who were killed in J&K encounter.

He has already come under the radar of the security agencies for hate speeches and provocative statements that lead the major part of the youth in J&K to join jehadist groups and spread terror , take innocent lives , resort to stone pelting and invoke other youths in the name of Islam, of which they don’t even know the real meaning.

Huge amounts of money was transferred illegally. With the help of specialists money laundering was carried out through a number of channels. Currently he is on the run and has acquired citizenship of a Muslim dominated country much like many others who are on the international wanted list of the evil doers in the international court of justice.

So far only the US is the lone nation taking a tough stand on curbing terrorism may it be Iran, Iraq or Afghanistan. Now back to the point. Personalities like Zakir Naik’s should be captured and brought to justice. Or as per the wish of the Almighty.

Losing patriotism

These two guys originally from Kerala went away to join ISIS and Al Quaida hiding the bitter truth from their loved ones. Their souls have left this dimension as per today’s claim. The reason behind them leaving mother country and joining jehad, unknown. What in the name of heaven does this mean? Is there lack of feeling of patriotism which hasn’t been fed enough since childhood? May be their circumstances gave away and they decided to join the evil forces. Is their lack of proper education in this country or lack of career opportunities available at disposal? So far the new govt is leaving no stone unturned for the betterment of the country and countrymen. Then why betrayal on the part of its citizens?